Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and Strengthening the Role of the Organization (Sp.COM)
Topic 1. How the current United Nations structures and bodies are suited to the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals
2015 was the ground breaking year in which the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were formulated and agreed upon by several countries. The SDGs are a set of goals formulated to provide basic human rights for all people, without any discrimination whatsoever. Not only is there a focus on humans, but also on the protection of our planet. These targets should be achieved over the next 15 years. The scope of these objectives makes it self-evident that everyone has to take on some responsibility; not only governments but the private sector as well. The United Nations is an essential figure in the co-ordination of all member States’ actions. Established with the aim of supporting international co-operation and collective security, its experience over the past 70 years makes it well suited to tackle this daunting challenge. Only with engagement and commitment is it possible to make a sustainable change. Therefore, it is of great importance that all agreements made are very detailed and accessible to the public if they are to be successful.
In the Special Committee we will be examining how the current structures and bodies of the United Nations are suited for the implementation of these fundamental goals in detail. What are the strengths of the current structures and what can be improved? How is it possible to involve all players, both major and minor? Should a specific new body be established? Working towards a sustainable world demands strength and eagerness. To this end, and in this regard, we require world citizens who have a critical eye, leadership skills and creativity to undertake this challenge.
Topic 2. Strengthening the role of the Security Council in the 21st century
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) was established in 1946 under the UN Charter. It is broadly viewed as the most important part of the Organisation, being the only UN chamber that can make legally binding judgements on its members. Despite the numerous criticisms it has received, the Security Council undoubtedly remains the leading world body with regard to decision making and has solved some of the world’s most pressing crises many times in the past.
However, relevant arguments exist which suggest that the UNSC requires reforms so it can effectively cater to the needs of the ever-changing world that we live in today. One such argument is that the SC can only function within the restricted jurisdiction of the United Nations itself, a jurisdiction which has never spread to coordinating the world’s economic, financial and trading enterprises which are essential for the extensive dimensions of human welfare and security in this day and age. Furthermore, the question of representation or lack thereof is one that has become more and more important recently. Additionally, countries such as India and Germany have been lobbying for permanent seats in the Council, arguing that a relatively increased number of viewpoints must be taken into consideration to achieve world peace in its truest sense.
The Special Committee has been convened in order to permit free and fair discourse on this topic, to ensure that the Security Council caters to current needs, and to therefore reaches a definitive consensus by the end of the conference.
Study Guide Sp.Com. : sp-com-study-guide-en-final